Composting is the perfect way to reduce your food waste while creating an all natural alternative to chemical fertiliser.
Home composting is one of the easiest ways you can minimise your impact on the environment by reducing your household food waste.
Once your compost has matured, you can use it as mulch to lock in moisture or mix with soil to help plants thrive or as a lawn top dressing for thicker, healthier grass. Compost is a convenient and cost-effective way to create your own fertiliser and improve your garden, all while reducing your impact on the environment.
Your DIY herb garden doesn’t actually need to be outdoors, herbs will happily prosper indoors if given enough sun. For apartments without backyards, herbs will thrive on a windowsill in the kitchen. Herbs will also flourish in pots, wooden boxes or garden bed in the backyard, just be sure to check it has adequate drainage and sunlight.
Almost any plant matter can be safely composted – just remember, nothing animal based should be composted! And no pet’s poop, while it may be ‘organic’, it can transmit harmful parasites.
Ideally, compost should be four parts ‘brown’ matter and one part ‘green’ materials:
- Brown materials are dry or woody plant material. Usually, they are brown in colour or naturally turn brown. For example leaves, corn stalks or paper
- Green materials include fresh items such as eggshells, fruit and vegetable scarps or coffee grounds and tea bags
Here are three easy methods of composting to get you started. If you’re unsure where to start, talk to your local garden centre about what method will work best for you.
- A tried and tested technique, the original method assigns a designated area for a compost pit and layer brown, then green materials, followed by soil.
- In the first three weeks, remember to turn the pile every two to three days before moving to monthly turning. Layers should be continued until you have a 1.5 metre pile that is mature and ready for use.
The opinions expressed in this article are the opinions of the author(s) and not necessarily those of State Custodians.
See if you qualify. To get a more accurate idea of how much you can borrow with State Custodians, click here.